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jvm看java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space

异常现象

异常信息如下

java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:800)
    at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:142)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:2374)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.findClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:846)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1313)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoaderBase.loadClass(WebappClassLoaderBase.java:1172)
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2625)
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods(Class.java:1868)
    at org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.findPersistenceMetadata(PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:383)
    at org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessMergedBeanDefinition(PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:321)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:830)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:493)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:456)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:294)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:225)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:291)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:193)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:585)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:913)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:464)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:385)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:284)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener.contextInitialized(ContextLoaderListener.java:111)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:4812)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5278)
    at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.reload(StandardContext.java:3859)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.reload(HostConfig.java:1410)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.checkResources(HostConfig.java:1383)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.check(HostConfig.java:1619)

剖析原因

嗯。。。很眼熟吧,这个是jdk1.8以下特有的异常了(jdk1.8换成了meta space了(类似于ArrayList会自动扩容),缺点是会占用其他内存)。我们用jvisualvm查看下

点击监视勾上内存,从堆上切换到PermGen(永久代)上。(稍微解释一下,jvm数据区分为堆和方法区。堆是存储对象的,方法区是存储类信息、常量池、静态变量之类的。从JMM上来看,年轻代和老年代是堆,永久带是方法区)

《jvm看java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space》

发现PermGen的使用大小和PermGen大小一样。这种情况就是方法区(永久代)不够用了。

解决办法 

开发中

如果是在开发中,没有stop直接redeploy,你会发现PermGen会直线上升。这种情况直接stop就好了,因为在线程启动时类信息就被加载到方法区中,线程不死之前的类信息就一直存在。

线上

如果是在线上跑着出现这种问题,直接设置方法区初始大小-XX:PermSize和方法区最大大小-XX:MaxPermSize

《jvm看java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space》

 

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